National Policies on Cultural Landscapes in Latin America

SILVA CESAR AUGUSTO VELANDIA, LUIS IGNACIO GOMEZ ARRIOLA, ISABEL RIGOL SAVIO, VIRGINIA LUCRECIA LABORANTI, Cari Goetcheus (Editor), Steve Brown (Editor), Diana Marcela Cifuentes Monsalve

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Public policy on heritage conservation in cultural landscapes is recent in Latin America. The cases outlined in this section still lack the strength of local policy. They correspond to sites that have been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List, but which in turn have suffered negative consequences in the face of external and internal pressure from various factors that have required attention to specific management policies for their conservation, despite their management plan.

Similarly, it is important to note that countries such as Ecuador and Peru have developed the construction of public policy based on their own conceptualization of the cultural landscape. In the case of Ecuador, the National Institute of Heritage and Culture (INPC) developed the Methodological Guide for Ecuadorian Cultural Landscape based on the experience of the territory of the San Miguel de Urcuquí Canton, in the Province of Imbabura (INPC 2015).

In the case of Peru, the Head Office of Cultural Landscapes of the Ministry of Culture (MCP) has established categories in the Manual on Definitions and Guidelines for the Declaration of Cultural Landscapes as National Cultural Heritage and the Manual of Guidelines on the Management of Cultural Landscapes (MCP 2012, 2012A) as well as the policy to support the nomination of territories valued for conservation as National Heritage (MCP 2016, 2017, 2017A, 2017B).

In both cases, the construction of public policy has emerged from a process of collective definition of landscapes. For their part, management plans produced under this approach when landed in local contexts, deal with problems such as the lack of ownership and participation of local people in landscape interventions, conflicts of interest between institutions and local populations regarding the valuation of cultural heritage, and the lack of dialogue for the active generation of norms and criteria for the elaboration of local management policies.

In addition to methods for characterizing, delimiting and implementing cultural landscape units, participatory work with communities focuses on key issues, such as valuing territorial integrity, encouraging the active appropriation of the population, and generating and promoting organizational and educational processes as strategies for the optimal management of heritage manifestations (INPC 2015).
Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationRoutledge Handbook of Cultural Landscapes
Subtitle of host publicationHandbook of Cultural Landscape Practice
EditorsCARI GOETCHEUS, STEVE BROWN
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherRoutledge
ISBN (Electronic)1138703494
ISBN (Print)9781138703490
StateAccepted/In press - 1 Oct 2021

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