Food habits and ontogenetic dietary partitioning of American crocodiles in a tropical Pacific Island in Central America

Sergio A. Balaguera-Reina, Miryam Venegas-Anaya, Valeria Beltrán-López, Alejandra Cristancho, Llewellyn D. Densmore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Studies on food habits are fundamental to understanding the ecology of a species and its interactions with the community to which it belongs. Among crocodylians, diet affects a variety of biological, physiological, and behavioral characteristics. However, despite having one of the largest distributions across the Americas, some aspects of Crocodylus acutus’ natural history remain poorly studied, particularly in insular areas. We characterized American crocodiles’ food habits in Coiba Island, Panama, assessing ontogenetic dietary variation and dietary overlap by age group and size. We captured and collected stomach content samples from 49 individuals from four transects from March to December 2013. From these samples, we could taxonomically identify three phyla, four subphyla, eight classes, 11 orders, 17 families, 14 genera, and 12 species as prey items. However, not all samples could be identified to the lowest taxon (species), having most of them identified only to family level. Large juveniles had the largest proportion of prey items and subadults the largest proportion of gastroliths and vegetal content. Percent occurrence per major categories (insects, arachnids, crustaceans, fish, reptiles, birds, and mammals) showed crustaceans and insects as the most prominent groups of prey items on this island. Overlapping group analysis showed a reduction in the consumption of invertebrates (crustaceans and insects) as individuals aged. However, these items were the most common throughout all American crocodiles sampled. Dietary overlap analyses showed a likely ontogenetic dietary partitioning with high overlap (>60%) between small and large juveniles and low overlap (
Original languageAmerican English
JournalEcosphere
Volume9
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2018

Keywords

  • community ecology
  • crocodylians
  • island
  • mangrove ecosystem
  • trophic networks

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