Farmers have been considered especially vulnerable to the effects of pesticides. Cases of ingestion intoxication have been reported, as well as deterioration of dopaminergic neurons causing Parkinson's disease. The departments of Tolima are characterized by agricultural production, especially rice, a plant susceptible to grasses, diseases and fungi, which requires a constant application of pesticides. However, the neuropsychological effects of pesticides in this part of the country are unknown. According to the above, the study aims to characterize the neuropsychological effects of pesticides in a sample of agricultural workers and residents of the rice areas of Tolima. A descriptive type study will be developed, with control group, with the purpose of having a close vision of the phenomenon when comparing the incidence of pesticides in three groups of interest, such as those directly exposed to pesticides, those indirectly exposed and those not exposed. In the Espinal region, a sample of 30 people per group will be taken, to whom different neuropsychological instruments will be applied. To analyze the effects of pesticides on the cognitive performance of the most vulnerable farmers, in order to generate prevention plans and improve practices in the field, for the benefit of the health of farmers and their families.
|Effective start/end date||22/01/18 → 17/01/20|